The Epiphenomenon of Post Colonialism: A Psychoanalysis Study of Jose Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere

Authors: Josephine May Grace Famoso (Mindanao State University, Iligan Institute of Technology, The Philippines)
Speakers: Josephine May Grace Famoso
Strand: Narrative and Metanarrative
Session Type: General Session


The Philippines’ colonization at the hands of Spain has produced an unparalleled type of postcolonial writing. Despite this postcolonial legacy, there is a lack of significant critical work assessing Philippine literature using both postcolonial criticism and psychoanalytical theory. For the sake of addressing this neglect, this paper provides opportunities to probe the distinctive postcolonial topics and psychoanalytic aspects raised in the Filipino realist novel, Noli Me Tangere penned by the national hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal. To point, the paper uncovers that the hybrids, Crisostomo Ibarra, and Maria Clara are seen as threats to the colonizer, Friar Damaso. The cultural hybrids are unaccepted by the imperialist Spain represented by Friar Damaso that forcibly created them. Friar Damaso’s unconscious mind is controlled by his id that his actions directly affected the subalterns. This study reveals that psychoanalytic thought is the epiphenomenon of colonial discourse. Essentially, it sets off a clear explanation of how ascendancy can leave a country confined to the colonizer’s ideals. This thesis argues the need to comprehend the postcolonial effects focusing on personality since these are social concerns not only found in the novel but in our realities. The researcher would like to suggest the use of post-structuralism and deconstruction to further study post-colonial texts.

Keywords: Cultural hybridity, Post colonialism, Psychoanalytic theory, Noli me tangere, Jose rizal