Contextual Treatment in Language Through Socialization Analyzing Manner vs. Rudeness
Author: Vanita Chawadha (Jawaharlal Nehru University, India)
Speaker: Vanita Chawadha
Topic: Anthropological Linguistics
CALA 2020 General Session
Language is a symbolic chain labeled with words to denote an object in a surrounding. Inclusion to an individual who interacts with it, presupposes learn the ways and methods to participate and to serve it through experiences. Ambience serves societal and cultural meanings of a language although in itself, a language may be a product of mental phenomenon according to Chomsky (1986, 2000). On the account of societal needs, Dell Hymes (1966) has coined a term communicative competence in contrast to linguistic competence. It is a straightforward that a process of socialization may control habitual changes of a language user. It functions like a carrier to social values of a language to make a balance between formal and informal manners. A kind of an observation is a study matter of this paper. There are mainly five sections. First section, it is about definition and theories of socialization. In simple words, ‘socialization is a process by which individuals become self-aware and learn the culture of their societies. It is a cradle to grave process.’ C.H. Cooley (1902) said that people get an image of themselves based on how society responds to them. Mead (1993) has observed that interactions made a human to create a self-image among others. J. Piaget (1920) has discussed almost all children go through a development of cognitive stages. Second section, it is dealt with types of socialization like (primary, secondary, developmental, anticipatory and re-socialization). Third section, it is primarily mentioned three stages of socialization. There are anticipatory socialization, organizational encounter and metamorphosis. A child may come across such stages based on growth and experience. As he/she grows, the use of a language becomes more contextual to avoid ambiguity situations. For instance, a child even an adult is free to speak out when wants but acts or behaves according to situations where socialization happens directly and sometimes indirectly. Fourth section, it is shown an importance of five agents like (family, mass media, work, peers and school). These agents are enough to make a control over child psychology when he/she is ready to respond in a crowd or a group. Fifth, it is based on perspectives of socialization. Here, it is an important to discuss about functional perspective of Talcott Parsons (1964). Along it may be seen Marxism and Neo-Marxism socialization with contribution of Paul Willis, Antonio Gramsci and Pierre Bourdieu.
Keywords: socialization, context, Cooley, Mead and Parsons